FAQs

1. GENERAL

Specific gravity is a ratio of the density of the urine sample to the density of water.

Categories: Dip Cards, General, u-Cup

Adulteration test is included in the multi-drug test cups or it can be performed separately. This test determines the authenticity of the sample by measuring sample specific gravity (1.003-1.025) and creatinine levels (20mg/dl).

Categories: Dip Cards, General, u-Cup

A dilute urine sample has a greater amount of water compared to a normal urine sample. Dilution generally caused by increased intake of water, medications taken by the donor or existing medical conditions.

Categories: Dip Cards, General, u-Cup
  1. Nitrite tests for commonly used commercial adulterants such as Klear or Whizzies. They work by oxidizing the major cannabinoid metabolite THC-COOH. Normal urine should contain no trace of nitrite. Positive results generally indicate the presence of an adulterant
  2. Creatinine is a waste product of creatine (an amino-acid contained in muscle tissue), is a normal constituent of human urine. In specimen validity testing, creatinine is used as a marker for dilution. Specimen dilution can be either in vivo (the donor drank excessive volumes of liquids) or in vitro (liquid was added to the urine after collection) and represent the most common form of specimen tampering. In vivo dilution using diuretics is often referred to as “flushing.” Creatinine and specific gravity are often interpreted simultaneously as indicators for dilution. Low creatinine and low specific gravity levels indicate dilute urine.
  3. Glutaraldehyde is a chemical compound that, when used as an adulterant, is believed to inactivate the enzyme used in the EMIT automated drug screening reagent. Although it is not believed to produce false negative results on a lateral flow test, commercial adulteration agents UrinAid and Clear Choice still contain glutaraldehyde. Glutaraldehyde is not normally in urine so detection of the compound is generally an indication of adulteration.
  4. pH tests for the presence of acidic or alkaline adulterants in urine. Normal urine pH levels should be in the range of 4.0 to 9.0. Values outside of this range may indicate the sample has been adulterated.
  5. Specific Gravity tests for the “viscosity” of the urine sample. The SG range for normal human urine is from 1.003 to 1.030. Values outside this range should be considered abnormal and may indicate specimen tampering.
  6. Oxidant/PCC tests for the presence of oxidizing reagents such as bleach, hydrogen peroxide, and pyridinium chlorochromate (PCC). Like nitrites, oxidants work to modify the structure of the target drugs in urine (like THCCOOH). Many commercial adulterants contain oxidants or PCC. Examples include UrineLuck (PCC) and Stealth (peroxidase). Normal urine should contain no trace of oxidants/PCC. Nitrites are a class of chemicals not usually found in normal human urine. Commercial adulterants Klear and Whizzies use nitrites as their primary active ingredient. Nitrites work by oxidizing the major cannabinoid metabolite (THCCOOH). The intent of oxidizing THC-COOH is to render it undetectable by the immunoassay or confirmation methods. Recent research suggests that performing the immunoassay drug screen shortly after the urine collection limits the effectiveness of the nitrite since the chemical needs time to modify the THC-COOH compound. By the time a positive sample arrives to the lab for confirmation, however, the THC-COOH has often been destroyed. Normal human urine should contain no trace of nitrites and, as such, presence of nitrites in urine generally indicates the use of an adulterant.

Adulterants are foreign substances either ingested or added directly to urine specimen to prevent the detection of drug in the sample. Commonly uses adulterants are promoted as “cleansing agents”, these substances can be found in house hold items or chemical additives obtained through the internet.

Examples of adulterants include:

  • Baking soda
  • Bleach
  • Detergent
  • Eye drops
  • Liquid chlorine bleach
  • Liquid drain cleaner
  • Glutaraldehyde
  • Iodine tincture
  • Pyridinium chlorochromate
  • Vinegar
  • Water

 

Some commercially available products that are ingested prior to providing the urine specimen that include:

  • Amber 13
  • Clean-X
  • Clear Choice
  • Instant Clean ADD-It-ive
  • Lucky Lab LL418
  • Klear
  • Krystal Kleen
  • Mary Jane Superclean 13
  • Purafyzit
  • Stealth
  • Test Clean
  • THC-Free
  • Urine Luck 6.3
  • UR’n Kleen
  • Whizzies

Table 2. Street and commercial names of commonly abused drugs.

NameAbbr.Street Name
Barbiturates pentobarbital (Nembutal®), phenobarbital (Luminal®)BARBarbs, Phennies, Red, Birds, Reds, Tooies, Yellow Jackets, Yellows
Benzodiazepines
alprazolam (Xanax®), chlorodiazepoxide (Limbitrol®), diazepam (Valium®), lorazepam (Ativan®), triazolam (Halicon®), BZOCandy, Downers, Sleeping Pills, Tranks
Flunitrazepam, Rohypnol®Circles, Date Rape Drug, Forget Pill, Forget-Me Pill, La Rocha, Lunch Money, Mexican Valium, Mind Eraser, Pingus, R2, Reynolds, Rib, Roach, Roach 2, Roaches, Roachies, Roapies, Rochas Dos, Roofies, Rope, Rophies, Row-Shay, Ruffies, Trip-and-Fall, Wolfies
BuprenorphineBUP
Sleep Medications: eszopiclone (Lunesta®), zaleplon (Sonata®), zolpidem (Ambien®)Forget-me Pill, Mexican Valium, R2, Roche, Roofies, Roofinol, Rope, Rophies
CocaineCOCBlow, Bump, C, Candy, Charlie, Coke, Crack, Rock, Flake, Rock, Snow, Toot
MarijuanaTHCBlunt, Bud, Dopa, Ganja, Grass, Green, Herb, Joint, Mary Jane, Pot, Reefer, Sinsemilla, Skunk, smoke, Trees, Weed, Hashish, Boom, Gangster, Hash, Hemp
Synthetic CannabinoidsK2K2, Spice, Black Mamba, Bliss, Bombay Blue, Fake Weed, Fire, Genie, Moon Rocks, Skunk, Smacked, Yucatan, Zohai
Methadone (Dolophine®, Methadose®)MTDAmidone, Fizzies
Methamphetamine (Desoxyn®)mAMPCrank, Chalk, Crystal, Fire, Glass, Go Fast, Ice, Meth, Speed
EcstasyMDMAAdam, Clarity, Eve, Lover’s, Speed, Peace, Uppers
Morphine (Duramorph®, Roxanol®)MOP
Ketamine (Ketalar®)KETCat, Valium, K, Special K, Vitamin K
Lysergic acid DiethylamideLSDAcid, Blotter, Heaven, Cubes, Microdot, Yellow
PyoteButtons, Cactus, Mesc
Fentanyl (Actiq®, Duragesic®, Sublimaze®)FENApache, China Girl, China White, Dance Fever, Friend, Goodfella, Jackpot, Murder 8, Tango and Cash, TNT
Hydrocodone or dihydrocodeinone (Vicodin®, Lortab®, Lorcet®, and others)Vike, Watson-387
Opiates 2000 (Morphine)OPIM, Miss Emma, Monkey, White, Stuff
Oxycodone (OxyContin®, Percodan®, Percocet®, and others)OXYO.C., Oxycet, Oxycotton, Oxy, Hillbilly, Heroin, Percs
PhencyclidinePCPAngel, Dust, Boat, Hog, Love, Boat, Peace, Pill
Steroid—Nandrolone (Oxandrin®), oxandrolone (Anadrol®), oxymetholone (Winstrol®), stanozolol (Durabolin®), testosterone cypionate (Depo-testosterone®)Juice, Gym Candy, Pumpers, Roids
PropoxyphenePPX
Tricyclic AntidepressantsTCA
Ethyliden dimethyl diphenyl pyrrolidineEDDP
Amphetamine (Adderall®, Benzedrine®)AMPBennies, Black Beauties, Crosses, Hearts, LA Turnaround, Speed, Truck Drivers, Uppers
CodeineCODCaptain, Cody, Lean, Schoolboy, Sizzurp, Purple
Methylphenidate (Concerta®, Ritalin®)JIF, MPH, R-ball, Skippy, The Smart Drug, Vitamin R
CathinoneCATAbyssinian Tea, African Salad, Catha, Chat, Chat, Kat, Oat
Synthetic Cathinones (Bath Salts)Bloom, Cloud Nine, Cosmic Blast, Flakka, Ivory Wave, Lunar Wave, Scarface, Vanilla Sky, White Lightning
Category: General

The screen test is accurate and sensitive to the specified cut-off levels, but is qualitative and not as accurate as laboratory tests. If drugs are present in the system, you will usually see a presumptive positive result. When the result is preliminary positive, you should send the samples to the laboratory for a second, quantitative and more accurate test.

Category: General

When a screening test show a negative result, but lab (EIMS) test shows positive, the result is called a false negative.  While the illicit drug or drug metabolites are present in the donor’s system their concentration is less than the cutoff level results in a no-show on the test device. Lab (EIMS) tests are, however, much more sensitive and can detect lower drug concentrations. For example, if a patient is taking Oxycodone but the test shows negative—it is a false negative.

Category: General

No, several factors may cause a negative test result, even if the person is using drugs. The most common factor is the adulteration of the sample (e.g, addition of water to dilution the sample) in an effort to lower the drug concentration below the cut-off value.  If there is suspicion that person is taking drugs, you should test again, test for other types of drugs, and talk to your doctor for advice.

Category: General

A test result is considered negative when there is no illicit drug is present in the system or its concentration is below the cut-off level.

Category: General

If no lines show after 5 to 10 minutes the test is called invalid. A probable cause for an invalid test could be a defect in device—the strips may not be inserted all the way to the bottom of the panel. Or it could be caused by improper handling of the testing device and insufficient sample amount that could not saturate the stripes, resulting in no contact between the test strip and the specimen. If this happens, the lot number should be provided to the quality control department to review batch production records.

Category: General

Codeine—a commonly prescribed pain medication and the active ingredient in some prescription cough medicines—and Meperidine are structurally related to morphine so they can cause positive opiates test. In addition, poppy seed bagels or other food containing poppy seeds also cause false positive opiates test if cutoff level of the test is less than 2000 ng/ml.

Category: General

Drug of abuse detection is a two-step process. The first step involves the initial screening of an illicit drug, suggesting that an illicit drug may be present in the system. The second step is a confirmatory test— done in laboratory to quantitatively determine and confirm the presence of an illegal drug. Screening tests are not as accurate as laboratory tests and have a greater propensity to provide inaccurate results.  Some food items and medications may cause the screen test to inaccurately read positive, such as poppy seeds, diet pills, inhalers, and cough syrup. One should consult with their physician to better understand how a particular medication can interfere with the test results.

Category: General

No, a presumptive positive screen test does not mean the illegal drug has been identified in the donors system. Many home-run rests can result in false positives, therefore it is important to send samples to the laboratory for further evaluation.

Category: General

Since positives can occur when the donor is taking certain prescription medications or consuming particular food items it is advised to discuss with their doctor which items are responsible. After the food or drug is identified as the cause, stop consuming the item (in accordance to your doctors recommendations) and retake the drug test.

Category: General

A false positive occurs when a screening test shows a positive result, but the lab (EIMS) shows negative result. A false positive can occur when a drug or drug metabolite is not present or their concentration is less than the cutoff level.

Category: General

A mixture of synthetic chemicals are sprayed on dried plant material and packaged as fragrant, mood affecting incense.

Category: General

While synthetic marijuana is legal in many states, early this year it was officially banned in Ireland, Missouri and Kansas. K2/K3 spice can be purchased as various brands of smoke products in stores in the US, Japan, Europe and other countries. Federal authorities are enforcing new laws on shipments of cannabinoids and K2-based products.

Category: General
Tags: K2, K3, marijuana, spice

No, a standard drug test does not detect synthetic marijuana. The test has to be specific for K2/K3 spice.

Category: General
Tags: K2, K3, marijuana, spice

K2, K3, Spice, Genie, Smoke, Pot-Pourri, Buzz, Spice 99, Voodoo, Pulse, Hush, Mystery, Earthquake, and Black Mamba.

Category: General
Tags: K2, K3, marijuana, spice

Synthetic marijuana is a highly dangerous and powerful stimulant with serious side effects due to its unknown and unstable chemical composition. Short term effects may include extreme anxiety, paranoia, altered awareness, delusions, and hallucinations. Long term side effects include kidney diseases, heart damage and seizers. K2/K3 spice is extremely addicting and cause physical side effects such as headaches, sweating, tremors, nightmares, and suicidal thoughts.

Category: General
Tags: K2, spice

K2/K3 spice are psychoactive chemicals first synthesized by American chemist John W Huffman (JWH) which are sprayed onto dried plant material. They mimic the effects of THC and Marijuana, and are sold legally in the united states in packets of herbal incense and potpourri. K2/K3 spice has avoided regulations by labeling their packaging as “not safe for human consumption”. It has been classified as a schedule I drug under the Controlled Substances Act, which entails that it has a high potential for addition with no known medical use or benefits.

Category: General
Tags: K2, K3, marijuana, spice

Testing products should be stored between 2ºC to 30ºC (35ºF to 85ºF).

Category: General

We have 510K, CLIA waived and forensic use only (FUO) products; please check our product page for the FDA status of specific products.

Category: General

Some food items and over-the-counter medications may cross react with drug test.

Category: General

Results are ready to read within 5 minutes, for details please see product insert.

Category: General

No. Our drug testing products are based on chemiluminescent immunoassay and only provide accurate results on human urine samples. The test is considered invalid when run in water.

Category: General

No, same POC devices cannot be used on animals because drugs metabolize differently in animals (dogs) and concentration of drugs are different in animal urine. Therefore, a different test must be evaluated to detect DOA in animals.

Category: General

To abide by the governmental regulations stringent quality control checks and random sampling methods are utilized. Therefore, receiving a defective test is rare. If a particular device show an invalid result. Please consider the following

  • Human error— failure to follow product instructions, failure to use timer.
  • Inadequate sampling
  • Device contamination
  • Poor product storage conditions
Category: General

The expiration date is usually from up-to 2 years. For specific product please contact us at 408-392-0064.

Category: General

The cut-off level refers to a minimum specified concentration of a drug in a urine sample. Above that concentration—within statistical error—the test is called positive, below that concentration it is called negative.

Category: General

Drugs of abuse (DoA) are drugs that the user consumes in amounts or with methods which are harmful to themselves or others. It is a form of substance-related disorder.

Category: General

2. u-CUP DRUG TESTS

Specific gravity is a ratio of the density of the urine sample to the density of water.

Categories: Dip Cards, General, u-Cup

Adulteration test is included in the multi-drug test cups or it can be performed separately. This test determines the authenticity of the sample by measuring sample specific gravity (1.003-1.025) and creatinine levels (20mg/dl).

Categories: Dip Cards, General, u-Cup

A dilute urine sample has a greater amount of water compared to a normal urine sample. Dilution generally caused by increased intake of water, medications taken by the donor or existing medical conditions.

Categories: Dip Cards, General, u-Cup
  1. Nitrite tests for commonly used commercial adulterants such as Klear or Whizzies. They work by oxidizing the major cannabinoid metabolite THC-COOH. Normal urine should contain no trace of nitrite. Positive results generally indicate the presence of an adulterant
  2. Creatinine is a waste product of creatine (an amino-acid contained in muscle tissue), is a normal constituent of human urine. In specimen validity testing, creatinine is used as a marker for dilution. Specimen dilution can be either in vivo (the donor drank excessive volumes of liquids) or in vitro (liquid was added to the urine after collection) and represent the most common form of specimen tampering. In vivo dilution using diuretics is often referred to as “flushing.” Creatinine and specific gravity are often interpreted simultaneously as indicators for dilution. Low creatinine and low specific gravity levels indicate dilute urine.
  3. Glutaraldehyde is a chemical compound that, when used as an adulterant, is believed to inactivate the enzyme used in the EMIT automated drug screening reagent. Although it is not believed to produce false negative results on a lateral flow test, commercial adulteration agents UrinAid and Clear Choice still contain glutaraldehyde. Glutaraldehyde is not normally in urine so detection of the compound is generally an indication of adulteration.
  4. pH tests for the presence of acidic or alkaline adulterants in urine. Normal urine pH levels should be in the range of 4.0 to 9.0. Values outside of this range may indicate the sample has been adulterated.
  5. Specific Gravity tests for the “viscosity” of the urine sample. The SG range for normal human urine is from 1.003 to 1.030. Values outside this range should be considered abnormal and may indicate specimen tampering.
  6. Oxidant/PCC tests for the presence of oxidizing reagents such as bleach, hydrogen peroxide, and pyridinium chlorochromate (PCC). Like nitrites, oxidants work to modify the structure of the target drugs in urine (like THCCOOH). Many commercial adulterants contain oxidants or PCC. Examples include UrineLuck (PCC) and Stealth (peroxidase). Normal urine should contain no trace of oxidants/PCC. Nitrites are a class of chemicals not usually found in normal human urine. Commercial adulterants Klear and Whizzies use nitrites as their primary active ingredient. Nitrites work by oxidizing the major cannabinoid metabolite (THCCOOH). The intent of oxidizing THC-COOH is to render it undetectable by the immunoassay or confirmation methods. Recent research suggests that performing the immunoassay drug screen shortly after the urine collection limits the effectiveness of the nitrite since the chemical needs time to modify the THC-COOH compound. By the time a positive sample arrives to the lab for confirmation, however, the THC-COOH has often been destroyed. Normal human urine should contain no trace of nitrites and, as such, presence of nitrites in urine generally indicates the use of an adulterant.

Adulterants are foreign substances either ingested or added directly to urine specimen to prevent the detection of drug in the sample. Commonly uses adulterants are promoted as “cleansing agents”, these substances can be found in house hold items or chemical additives obtained through the internet.

Examples of adulterants include:

  • Baking soda
  • Bleach
  • Detergent
  • Eye drops
  • Liquid chlorine bleach
  • Liquid drain cleaner
  • Glutaraldehyde
  • Iodine tincture
  • Pyridinium chlorochromate
  • Vinegar
  • Water

 

Some commercially available products that are ingested prior to providing the urine specimen that include:

  • Amber 13
  • Clean-X
  • Clear Choice
  • Instant Clean ADD-It-ive
  • Lucky Lab LL418
  • Klear
  • Krystal Kleen
  • Mary Jane Superclean 13
  • Purafyzit
  • Stealth
  • Test Clean
  • THC-Free
  • Urine Luck 6.3
  • UR’n Kleen
  • Whizzies

Table 2. Street and commercial names of commonly abused drugs.

NameAbbr.Street Name
Barbiturates pentobarbital (Nembutal®), phenobarbital (Luminal®)BARBarbs, Phennies, Red, Birds, Reds, Tooies, Yellow Jackets, Yellows
Benzodiazepines
alprazolam (Xanax®), chlorodiazepoxide (Limbitrol®), diazepam (Valium®), lorazepam (Ativan®), triazolam (Halicon®), BZOCandy, Downers, Sleeping Pills, Tranks
Flunitrazepam, Rohypnol®Circles, Date Rape Drug, Forget Pill, Forget-Me Pill, La Rocha, Lunch Money, Mexican Valium, Mind Eraser, Pingus, R2, Reynolds, Rib, Roach, Roach 2, Roaches, Roachies, Roapies, Rochas Dos, Roofies, Rope, Rophies, Row-Shay, Ruffies, Trip-and-Fall, Wolfies
BuprenorphineBUP
Sleep Medications: eszopiclone (Lunesta®), zaleplon (Sonata®), zolpidem (Ambien®)Forget-me Pill, Mexican Valium, R2, Roche, Roofies, Roofinol, Rope, Rophies
CocaineCOCBlow, Bump, C, Candy, Charlie, Coke, Crack, Rock, Flake, Rock, Snow, Toot
MarijuanaTHCBlunt, Bud, Dopa, Ganja, Grass, Green, Herb, Joint, Mary Jane, Pot, Reefer, Sinsemilla, Skunk, smoke, Trees, Weed, Hashish, Boom, Gangster, Hash, Hemp
Synthetic CannabinoidsK2K2, Spice, Black Mamba, Bliss, Bombay Blue, Fake Weed, Fire, Genie, Moon Rocks, Skunk, Smacked, Yucatan, Zohai
Methadone (Dolophine®, Methadose®)MTDAmidone, Fizzies
Methamphetamine (Desoxyn®)mAMPCrank, Chalk, Crystal, Fire, Glass, Go Fast, Ice, Meth, Speed
EcstasyMDMAAdam, Clarity, Eve, Lover’s, Speed, Peace, Uppers
Morphine (Duramorph®, Roxanol®)MOP
Ketamine (Ketalar®)KETCat, Valium, K, Special K, Vitamin K
Lysergic acid DiethylamideLSDAcid, Blotter, Heaven, Cubes, Microdot, Yellow
PyoteButtons, Cactus, Mesc
Fentanyl (Actiq®, Duragesic®, Sublimaze®)FENApache, China Girl, China White, Dance Fever, Friend, Goodfella, Jackpot, Murder 8, Tango and Cash, TNT
Hydrocodone or dihydrocodeinone (Vicodin®, Lortab®, Lorcet®, and others)Vike, Watson-387
Opiates 2000 (Morphine)OPIM, Miss Emma, Monkey, White, Stuff
Oxycodone (OxyContin®, Percodan®, Percocet®, and others)OXYO.C., Oxycet, Oxycotton, Oxy, Hillbilly, Heroin, Percs
PhencyclidinePCPAngel, Dust, Boat, Hog, Love, Boat, Peace, Pill
Steroid—Nandrolone (Oxandrin®), oxandrolone (Anadrol®), oxymetholone (Winstrol®), stanozolol (Durabolin®), testosterone cypionate (Depo-testosterone®)Juice, Gym Candy, Pumpers, Roids
PropoxyphenePPX
Tricyclic AntidepressantsTCA
Ethyliden dimethyl diphenyl pyrrolidineEDDP
Amphetamine (Adderall®, Benzedrine®)AMPBennies, Black Beauties, Crosses, Hearts, LA Turnaround, Speed, Truck Drivers, Uppers
CodeineCODCaptain, Cody, Lean, Schoolboy, Sizzurp, Purple
Methylphenidate (Concerta®, Ritalin®)JIF, MPH, R-ball, Skippy, The Smart Drug, Vitamin R
CathinoneCATAbyssinian Tea, African Salad, Catha, Chat, Chat, Kat, Oat
Synthetic Cathinones (Bath Salts)Bloom, Cloud Nine, Cosmic Blast, Flakka, Ivory Wave, Lunar Wave, Scarface, Vanilla Sky, White Lightning
Category: General

The screen test is accurate and sensitive to the specified cut-off levels, but is qualitative and not as accurate as laboratory tests. If drugs are present in the system, you will usually see a presumptive positive result. When the result is preliminary positive, you should send the samples to the laboratory for a second, quantitative and more accurate test.

Category: General

When a screening test show a negative result, but lab (EIMS) test shows positive, the result is called a false negative.  While the illicit drug or drug metabolites are present in the donor’s system their concentration is less than the cutoff level results in a no-show on the test device. Lab (EIMS) tests are, however, much more sensitive and can detect lower drug concentrations. For example, if a patient is taking Oxycodone but the test shows negative—it is a false negative.

Category: General

No, several factors may cause a negative test result, even if the person is using drugs. The most common factor is the adulteration of the sample (e.g, addition of water to dilution the sample) in an effort to lower the drug concentration below the cut-off value.  If there is suspicion that person is taking drugs, you should test again, test for other types of drugs, and talk to your doctor for advice.

Category: General

A test result is considered negative when there is no illicit drug is present in the system or its concentration is below the cut-off level.

Category: General

If no lines show after 5 to 10 minutes the test is called invalid. A probable cause for an invalid test could be a defect in device—the strips may not be inserted all the way to the bottom of the panel. Or it could be caused by improper handling of the testing device and insufficient sample amount that could not saturate the stripes, resulting in no contact between the test strip and the specimen. If this happens, the lot number should be provided to the quality control department to review batch production records.

Category: General

Codeine—a commonly prescribed pain medication and the active ingredient in some prescription cough medicines—and Meperidine are structurally related to morphine so they can cause positive opiates test. In addition, poppy seed bagels or other food containing poppy seeds also cause false positive opiates test if cutoff level of the test is less than 2000 ng/ml.

Category: General

Drug of abuse detection is a two-step process. The first step involves the initial screening of an illicit drug, suggesting that an illicit drug may be present in the system. The second step is a confirmatory test— done in laboratory to quantitatively determine and confirm the presence of an illegal drug. Screening tests are not as accurate as laboratory tests and have a greater propensity to provide inaccurate results.  Some food items and medications may cause the screen test to inaccurately read positive, such as poppy seeds, diet pills, inhalers, and cough syrup. One should consult with their physician to better understand how a particular medication can interfere with the test results.

Category: General

No, a presumptive positive screen test does not mean the illegal drug has been identified in the donors system. Many home-run rests can result in false positives, therefore it is important to send samples to the laboratory for further evaluation.

Category: General

Since positives can occur when the donor is taking certain prescription medications or consuming particular food items it is advised to discuss with their doctor which items are responsible. After the food or drug is identified as the cause, stop consuming the item (in accordance to your doctors recommendations) and retake the drug test.

Category: General

A false positive occurs when a screening test shows a positive result, but the lab (EIMS) shows negative result. A false positive can occur when a drug or drug metabolite is not present or their concentration is less than the cutoff level.

Category: General

A mixture of synthetic chemicals are sprayed on dried plant material and packaged as fragrant, mood affecting incense.

Category: General

While synthetic marijuana is legal in many states, early this year it was officially banned in Ireland, Missouri and Kansas. K2/K3 spice can be purchased as various brands of smoke products in stores in the US, Japan, Europe and other countries. Federal authorities are enforcing new laws on shipments of cannabinoids and K2-based products.

Category: General
Tags: K2, K3, marijuana, spice

No, a standard drug test does not detect synthetic marijuana. The test has to be specific for K2/K3 spice.

Category: General
Tags: K2, K3, marijuana, spice

K2, K3, Spice, Genie, Smoke, Pot-Pourri, Buzz, Spice 99, Voodoo, Pulse, Hush, Mystery, Earthquake, and Black Mamba.

Category: General
Tags: K2, K3, marijuana, spice

Synthetic marijuana is a highly dangerous and powerful stimulant with serious side effects due to its unknown and unstable chemical composition. Short term effects may include extreme anxiety, paranoia, altered awareness, delusions, and hallucinations. Long term side effects include kidney diseases, heart damage and seizers. K2/K3 spice is extremely addicting and cause physical side effects such as headaches, sweating, tremors, nightmares, and suicidal thoughts.

Category: General
Tags: K2, spice

K2/K3 spice are psychoactive chemicals first synthesized by American chemist John W Huffman (JWH) which are sprayed onto dried plant material. They mimic the effects of THC and Marijuana, and are sold legally in the united states in packets of herbal incense and potpourri. K2/K3 spice has avoided regulations by labeling their packaging as “not safe for human consumption”. It has been classified as a schedule I drug under the Controlled Substances Act, which entails that it has a high potential for addition with no known medical use or benefits.

Category: General
Tags: K2, K3, marijuana, spice

Testing products should be stored between 2ºC to 30ºC (35ºF to 85ºF).

Category: General

We have 510K, CLIA waived and forensic use only (FUO) products; please check our product page for the FDA status of specific products.

Category: General

Some food items and over-the-counter medications may cross react with drug test.

Category: General

Results are ready to read within 5 minutes, for details please see product insert.

Category: General

No. Our drug testing products are based on chemiluminescent immunoassay and only provide accurate results on human urine samples. The test is considered invalid when run in water.

Category: General

No, same POC devices cannot be used on animals because drugs metabolize differently in animals (dogs) and concentration of drugs are different in animal urine. Therefore, a different test must be evaluated to detect DOA in animals.

Category: General

To abide by the governmental regulations stringent quality control checks and random sampling methods are utilized. Therefore, receiving a defective test is rare. If a particular device show an invalid result. Please consider the following

  • Human error— failure to follow product instructions, failure to use timer.
  • Inadequate sampling
  • Device contamination
  • Poor product storage conditions
Category: General

The expiration date is usually from up-to 2 years. For specific product please contact us at 408-392-0064.

Category: General

The cut-off level refers to a minimum specified concentration of a drug in a urine sample. Above that concentration—within statistical error—the test is called positive, below that concentration it is called negative.

Category: General

Drugs of abuse (DoA) are drugs that the user consumes in amounts or with methods which are harmful to themselves or others. It is a form of substance-related disorder.

Category: General

3. DIP CARD DRUG TESTS

Specific gravity is a ratio of the density of the urine sample to the density of water.

Categories: Dip Cards, General, u-Cup

Adulteration test is included in the multi-drug test cups or it can be performed separately. This test determines the authenticity of the sample by measuring sample specific gravity (1.003-1.025) and creatinine levels (20mg/dl).

Categories: Dip Cards, General, u-Cup

A dilute urine sample has a greater amount of water compared to a normal urine sample. Dilution generally caused by increased intake of water, medications taken by the donor or existing medical conditions.

Categories: Dip Cards, General, u-Cup
  1. Nitrite tests for commonly used commercial adulterants such as Klear or Whizzies. They work by oxidizing the major cannabinoid metabolite THC-COOH. Normal urine should contain no trace of nitrite. Positive results generally indicate the presence of an adulterant
  2. Creatinine is a waste product of creatine (an amino-acid contained in muscle tissue), is a normal constituent of human urine. In specimen validity testing, creatinine is used as a marker for dilution. Specimen dilution can be either in vivo (the donor drank excessive volumes of liquids) or in vitro (liquid was added to the urine after collection) and represent the most common form of specimen tampering. In vivo dilution using diuretics is often referred to as “flushing.” Creatinine and specific gravity are often interpreted simultaneously as indicators for dilution. Low creatinine and low specific gravity levels indicate dilute urine.
  3. Glutaraldehyde is a chemical compound that, when used as an adulterant, is believed to inactivate the enzyme used in the EMIT automated drug screening reagent. Although it is not believed to produce false negative results on a lateral flow test, commercial adulteration agents UrinAid and Clear Choice still contain glutaraldehyde. Glutaraldehyde is not normally in urine so detection of the compound is generally an indication of adulteration.
  4. pH tests for the presence of acidic or alkaline adulterants in urine. Normal urine pH levels should be in the range of 4.0 to 9.0. Values outside of this range may indicate the sample has been adulterated.
  5. Specific Gravity tests for the “viscosity” of the urine sample. The SG range for normal human urine is from 1.003 to 1.030. Values outside this range should be considered abnormal and may indicate specimen tampering.
  6. Oxidant/PCC tests for the presence of oxidizing reagents such as bleach, hydrogen peroxide, and pyridinium chlorochromate (PCC). Like nitrites, oxidants work to modify the structure of the target drugs in urine (like THCCOOH). Many commercial adulterants contain oxidants or PCC. Examples include UrineLuck (PCC) and Stealth (peroxidase). Normal urine should contain no trace of oxidants/PCC. Nitrites are a class of chemicals not usually found in normal human urine. Commercial adulterants Klear and Whizzies use nitrites as their primary active ingredient. Nitrites work by oxidizing the major cannabinoid metabolite (THCCOOH). The intent of oxidizing THC-COOH is to render it undetectable by the immunoassay or confirmation methods. Recent research suggests that performing the immunoassay drug screen shortly after the urine collection limits the effectiveness of the nitrite since the chemical needs time to modify the THC-COOH compound. By the time a positive sample arrives to the lab for confirmation, however, the THC-COOH has often been destroyed. Normal human urine should contain no trace of nitrites and, as such, presence of nitrites in urine generally indicates the use of an adulterant.

Adulterants are foreign substances either ingested or added directly to urine specimen to prevent the detection of drug in the sample. Commonly uses adulterants are promoted as “cleansing agents”, these substances can be found in house hold items or chemical additives obtained through the internet.

Examples of adulterants include:

  • Baking soda
  • Bleach
  • Detergent
  • Eye drops
  • Liquid chlorine bleach
  • Liquid drain cleaner
  • Glutaraldehyde
  • Iodine tincture
  • Pyridinium chlorochromate
  • Vinegar
  • Water

 

Some commercially available products that are ingested prior to providing the urine specimen that include:

  • Amber 13
  • Clean-X
  • Clear Choice
  • Instant Clean ADD-It-ive
  • Lucky Lab LL418
  • Klear
  • Krystal Kleen
  • Mary Jane Superclean 13
  • Purafyzit
  • Stealth
  • Test Clean
  • THC-Free
  • Urine Luck 6.3
  • UR’n Kleen
  • Whizzies

Table 2. Street and commercial names of commonly abused drugs.

NameAbbr.Street Name
Barbiturates pentobarbital (Nembutal®), phenobarbital (Luminal®)BARBarbs, Phennies, Red, Birds, Reds, Tooies, Yellow Jackets, Yellows
Benzodiazepines
alprazolam (Xanax®), chlorodiazepoxide (Limbitrol®), diazepam (Valium®), lorazepam (Ativan®), triazolam (Halicon®), BZOCandy, Downers, Sleeping Pills, Tranks
Flunitrazepam, Rohypnol®Circles, Date Rape Drug, Forget Pill, Forget-Me Pill, La Rocha, Lunch Money, Mexican Valium, Mind Eraser, Pingus, R2, Reynolds, Rib, Roach, Roach 2, Roaches, Roachies, Roapies, Rochas Dos, Roofies, Rope, Rophies, Row-Shay, Ruffies, Trip-and-Fall, Wolfies
BuprenorphineBUP
Sleep Medications: eszopiclone (Lunesta®), zaleplon (Sonata®), zolpidem (Ambien®)Forget-me Pill, Mexican Valium, R2, Roche, Roofies, Roofinol, Rope, Rophies
CocaineCOCBlow, Bump, C, Candy, Charlie, Coke, Crack, Rock, Flake, Rock, Snow, Toot
MarijuanaTHCBlunt, Bud, Dopa, Ganja, Grass, Green, Herb, Joint, Mary Jane, Pot, Reefer, Sinsemilla, Skunk, smoke, Trees, Weed, Hashish, Boom, Gangster, Hash, Hemp
Synthetic CannabinoidsK2K2, Spice, Black Mamba, Bliss, Bombay Blue, Fake Weed, Fire, Genie, Moon Rocks, Skunk, Smacked, Yucatan, Zohai
Methadone (Dolophine®, Methadose®)MTDAmidone, Fizzies
Methamphetamine (Desoxyn®)mAMPCrank, Chalk, Crystal, Fire, Glass, Go Fast, Ice, Meth, Speed
EcstasyMDMAAdam, Clarity, Eve, Lover’s, Speed, Peace, Uppers
Morphine (Duramorph®, Roxanol®)MOP
Ketamine (Ketalar®)KETCat, Valium, K, Special K, Vitamin K
Lysergic acid DiethylamideLSDAcid, Blotter, Heaven, Cubes, Microdot, Yellow
PyoteButtons, Cactus, Mesc
Fentanyl (Actiq®, Duragesic®, Sublimaze®)FENApache, China Girl, China White, Dance Fever, Friend, Goodfella, Jackpot, Murder 8, Tango and Cash, TNT
Hydrocodone or dihydrocodeinone (Vicodin®, Lortab®, Lorcet®, and others)Vike, Watson-387
Opiates 2000 (Morphine)OPIM, Miss Emma, Monkey, White, Stuff
Oxycodone (OxyContin®, Percodan®, Percocet®, and others)OXYO.C., Oxycet, Oxycotton, Oxy, Hillbilly, Heroin, Percs
PhencyclidinePCPAngel, Dust, Boat, Hog, Love, Boat, Peace, Pill
Steroid—Nandrolone (Oxandrin®), oxandrolone (Anadrol®), oxymetholone (Winstrol®), stanozolol (Durabolin®), testosterone cypionate (Depo-testosterone®)Juice, Gym Candy, Pumpers, Roids
PropoxyphenePPX
Tricyclic AntidepressantsTCA
Ethyliden dimethyl diphenyl pyrrolidineEDDP
Amphetamine (Adderall®, Benzedrine®)AMPBennies, Black Beauties, Crosses, Hearts, LA Turnaround, Speed, Truck Drivers, Uppers
CodeineCODCaptain, Cody, Lean, Schoolboy, Sizzurp, Purple
Methylphenidate (Concerta®, Ritalin®)JIF, MPH, R-ball, Skippy, The Smart Drug, Vitamin R
CathinoneCATAbyssinian Tea, African Salad, Catha, Chat, Chat, Kat, Oat
Synthetic Cathinones (Bath Salts)Bloom, Cloud Nine, Cosmic Blast, Flakka, Ivory Wave, Lunar Wave, Scarface, Vanilla Sky, White Lightning
Category: General

The screen test is accurate and sensitive to the specified cut-off levels, but is qualitative and not as accurate as laboratory tests. If drugs are present in the system, you will usually see a presumptive positive result. When the result is preliminary positive, you should send the samples to the laboratory for a second, quantitative and more accurate test.

Category: General

When a screening test show a negative result, but lab (EIMS) test shows positive, the result is called a false negative.  While the illicit drug or drug metabolites are present in the donor’s system their concentration is less than the cutoff level results in a no-show on the test device. Lab (EIMS) tests are, however, much more sensitive and can detect lower drug concentrations. For example, if a patient is taking Oxycodone but the test shows negative—it is a false negative.

Category: General

No, several factors may cause a negative test result, even if the person is using drugs. The most common factor is the adulteration of the sample (e.g, addition of water to dilution the sample) in an effort to lower the drug concentration below the cut-off value.  If there is suspicion that person is taking drugs, you should test again, test for other types of drugs, and talk to your doctor for advice.

Category: General

A test result is considered negative when there is no illicit drug is present in the system or its concentration is below the cut-off level.

Category: General

If no lines show after 5 to 10 minutes the test is called invalid. A probable cause for an invalid test could be a defect in device—the strips may not be inserted all the way to the bottom of the panel. Or it could be caused by improper handling of the testing device and insufficient sample amount that could not saturate the stripes, resulting in no contact between the test strip and the specimen. If this happens, the lot number should be provided to the quality control department to review batch production records.

Category: General

Codeine—a commonly prescribed pain medication and the active ingredient in some prescription cough medicines—and Meperidine are structurally related to morphine so they can cause positive opiates test. In addition, poppy seed bagels or other food containing poppy seeds also cause false positive opiates test if cutoff level of the test is less than 2000 ng/ml.

Category: General

Drug of abuse detection is a two-step process. The first step involves the initial screening of an illicit drug, suggesting that an illicit drug may be present in the system. The second step is a confirmatory test— done in laboratory to quantitatively determine and confirm the presence of an illegal drug. Screening tests are not as accurate as laboratory tests and have a greater propensity to provide inaccurate results.  Some food items and medications may cause the screen test to inaccurately read positive, such as poppy seeds, diet pills, inhalers, and cough syrup. One should consult with their physician to better understand how a particular medication can interfere with the test results.

Category: General

No, a presumptive positive screen test does not mean the illegal drug has been identified in the donors system. Many home-run rests can result in false positives, therefore it is important to send samples to the laboratory for further evaluation.

Category: General

Since positives can occur when the donor is taking certain prescription medications or consuming particular food items it is advised to discuss with their doctor which items are responsible. After the food or drug is identified as the cause, stop consuming the item (in accordance to your doctors recommendations) and retake the drug test.

Category: General

A false positive occurs when a screening test shows a positive result, but the lab (EIMS) shows negative result. A false positive can occur when a drug or drug metabolite is not present or their concentration is less than the cutoff level.

Category: General

A mixture of synthetic chemicals are sprayed on dried plant material and packaged as fragrant, mood affecting incense.

Category: General

While synthetic marijuana is legal in many states, early this year it was officially banned in Ireland, Missouri and Kansas. K2/K3 spice can be purchased as various brands of smoke products in stores in the US, Japan, Europe and other countries. Federal authorities are enforcing new laws on shipments of cannabinoids and K2-based products.

Category: General
Tags: K2, K3, marijuana, spice

No, a standard drug test does not detect synthetic marijuana. The test has to be specific for K2/K3 spice.

Category: General
Tags: K2, K3, marijuana, spice

K2, K3, Spice, Genie, Smoke, Pot-Pourri, Buzz, Spice 99, Voodoo, Pulse, Hush, Mystery, Earthquake, and Black Mamba.

Category: General
Tags: K2, K3, marijuana, spice

Synthetic marijuana is a highly dangerous and powerful stimulant with serious side effects due to its unknown and unstable chemical composition. Short term effects may include extreme anxiety, paranoia, altered awareness, delusions, and hallucinations. Long term side effects include kidney diseases, heart damage and seizers. K2/K3 spice is extremely addicting and cause physical side effects such as headaches, sweating, tremors, nightmares, and suicidal thoughts.

Category: General
Tags: K2, spice

K2/K3 spice are psychoactive chemicals first synthesized by American chemist John W Huffman (JWH) which are sprayed onto dried plant material. They mimic the effects of THC and Marijuana, and are sold legally in the united states in packets of herbal incense and potpourri. K2/K3 spice has avoided regulations by labeling their packaging as “not safe for human consumption”. It has been classified as a schedule I drug under the Controlled Substances Act, which entails that it has a high potential for addition with no known medical use or benefits.

Category: General
Tags: K2, K3, marijuana, spice

Testing products should be stored between 2ºC to 30ºC (35ºF to 85ºF).

Category: General

We have 510K, CLIA waived and forensic use only (FUO) products; please check our product page for the FDA status of specific products.

Category: General

Some food items and over-the-counter medications may cross react with drug test.

Category: General

Results are ready to read within 5 minutes, for details please see product insert.

Category: General

No. Our drug testing products are based on chemiluminescent immunoassay and only provide accurate results on human urine samples. The test is considered invalid when run in water.

Category: General

No, same POC devices cannot be used on animals because drugs metabolize differently in animals (dogs) and concentration of drugs are different in animal urine. Therefore, a different test must be evaluated to detect DOA in animals.

Category: General

To abide by the governmental regulations stringent quality control checks and random sampling methods are utilized. Therefore, receiving a defective test is rare. If a particular device show an invalid result. Please consider the following

  • Human error— failure to follow product instructions, failure to use timer.
  • Inadequate sampling
  • Device contamination
  • Poor product storage conditions
Category: General

The expiration date is usually from up-to 2 years. For specific product please contact us at 408-392-0064.

Category: General

The cut-off level refers to a minimum specified concentration of a drug in a urine sample. Above that concentration—within statistical error—the test is called positive, below that concentration it is called negative.

Category: General

Drugs of abuse (DoA) are drugs that the user consumes in amounts or with methods which are harmful to themselves or others. It is a form of substance-related disorder.

Category: General

4. SALIVA DRUG TESTS

Specific gravity is a ratio of the density of the urine sample to the density of water.

Categories: Dip Cards, General, u-Cup

Adulteration test is included in the multi-drug test cups or it can be performed separately. This test determines the authenticity of the sample by measuring sample specific gravity (1.003-1.025) and creatinine levels (20mg/dl).

Categories: Dip Cards, General, u-Cup

A dilute urine sample has a greater amount of water compared to a normal urine sample. Dilution generally caused by increased intake of water, medications taken by the donor or existing medical conditions.

Categories: Dip Cards, General, u-Cup
  1. Nitrite tests for commonly used commercial adulterants such as Klear or Whizzies. They work by oxidizing the major cannabinoid metabolite THC-COOH. Normal urine should contain no trace of nitrite. Positive results generally indicate the presence of an adulterant
  2. Creatinine is a waste product of creatine (an amino-acid contained in muscle tissue), is a normal constituent of human urine. In specimen validity testing, creatinine is used as a marker for dilution. Specimen dilution can be either in vivo (the donor drank excessive volumes of liquids) or in vitro (liquid was added to the urine after collection) and represent the most common form of specimen tampering. In vivo dilution using diuretics is often referred to as “flushing.” Creatinine and specific gravity are often interpreted simultaneously as indicators for dilution. Low creatinine and low specific gravity levels indicate dilute urine.
  3. Glutaraldehyde is a chemical compound that, when used as an adulterant, is believed to inactivate the enzyme used in the EMIT automated drug screening reagent. Although it is not believed to produce false negative results on a lateral flow test, commercial adulteration agents UrinAid and Clear Choice still contain glutaraldehyde. Glutaraldehyde is not normally in urine so detection of the compound is generally an indication of adulteration.
  4. pH tests for the presence of acidic or alkaline adulterants in urine. Normal urine pH levels should be in the range of 4.0 to 9.0. Values outside of this range may indicate the sample has been adulterated.
  5. Specific Gravity tests for the “viscosity” of the urine sample. The SG range for normal human urine is from 1.003 to 1.030. Values outside this range should be considered abnormal and may indicate specimen tampering.
  6. Oxidant/PCC tests for the presence of oxidizing reagents such as bleach, hydrogen peroxide, and pyridinium chlorochromate (PCC). Like nitrites, oxidants work to modify the structure of the target drugs in urine (like THCCOOH). Many commercial adulterants contain oxidants or PCC. Examples include UrineLuck (PCC) and Stealth (peroxidase). Normal urine should contain no trace of oxidants/PCC. Nitrites are a class of chemicals not usually found in normal human urine. Commercial adulterants Klear and Whizzies use nitrites as their primary active ingredient. Nitrites work by oxidizing the major cannabinoid metabolite (THCCOOH). The intent of oxidizing THC-COOH is to render it undetectable by the immunoassay or confirmation methods. Recent research suggests that performing the immunoassay drug screen shortly after the urine collection limits the effectiveness of the nitrite since the chemical needs time to modify the THC-COOH compound. By the time a positive sample arrives to the lab for confirmation, however, the THC-COOH has often been destroyed. Normal human urine should contain no trace of nitrites and, as such, presence of nitrites in urine generally indicates the use of an adulterant.

Adulterants are foreign substances either ingested or added directly to urine specimen to prevent the detection of drug in the sample. Commonly uses adulterants are promoted as “cleansing agents”, these substances can be found in house hold items or chemical additives obtained through the internet.

Examples of adulterants include:

  • Baking soda
  • Bleach
  • Detergent
  • Eye drops
  • Liquid chlorine bleach
  • Liquid drain cleaner
  • Glutaraldehyde
  • Iodine tincture
  • Pyridinium chlorochromate
  • Vinegar
  • Water

 

Some commercially available products that are ingested prior to providing the urine specimen that include:

  • Amber 13
  • Clean-X
  • Clear Choice
  • Instant Clean ADD-It-ive
  • Lucky Lab LL418
  • Klear
  • Krystal Kleen
  • Mary Jane Superclean 13
  • Purafyzit
  • Stealth
  • Test Clean
  • THC-Free
  • Urine Luck 6.3
  • UR’n Kleen
  • Whizzies

Table 2. Street and commercial names of commonly abused drugs.

NameAbbr.Street Name
Barbiturates pentobarbital (Nembutal®), phenobarbital (Luminal®)BARBarbs, Phennies, Red, Birds, Reds, Tooies, Yellow Jackets, Yellows
Benzodiazepines
alprazolam (Xanax®), chlorodiazepoxide (Limbitrol®), diazepam (Valium®), lorazepam (Ativan®), triazolam (Halicon®), BZOCandy, Downers, Sleeping Pills, Tranks
Flunitrazepam, Rohypnol®Circles, Date Rape Drug, Forget Pill, Forget-Me Pill, La Rocha, Lunch Money, Mexican Valium, Mind Eraser, Pingus, R2, Reynolds, Rib, Roach, Roach 2, Roaches, Roachies, Roapies, Rochas Dos, Roofies, Rope, Rophies, Row-Shay, Ruffies, Trip-and-Fall, Wolfies
BuprenorphineBUP
Sleep Medications: eszopiclone (Lunesta®), zaleplon (Sonata®), zolpidem (Ambien®)Forget-me Pill, Mexican Valium, R2, Roche, Roofies, Roofinol, Rope, Rophies
CocaineCOCBlow, Bump, C, Candy, Charlie, Coke, Crack, Rock, Flake, Rock, Snow, Toot
MarijuanaTHCBlunt, Bud, Dopa, Ganja, Grass, Green, Herb, Joint, Mary Jane, Pot, Reefer, Sinsemilla, Skunk, smoke, Trees, Weed, Hashish, Boom, Gangster, Hash, Hemp
Synthetic CannabinoidsK2K2, Spice, Black Mamba, Bliss, Bombay Blue, Fake Weed, Fire, Genie, Moon Rocks, Skunk, Smacked, Yucatan, Zohai
Methadone (Dolophine®, Methadose®)MTDAmidone, Fizzies
Methamphetamine (Desoxyn®)mAMPCrank, Chalk, Crystal, Fire, Glass, Go Fast, Ice, Meth, Speed
EcstasyMDMAAdam, Clarity, Eve, Lover’s, Speed, Peace, Uppers
Morphine (Duramorph®, Roxanol®)MOP
Ketamine (Ketalar®)KETCat, Valium, K, Special K, Vitamin K
Lysergic acid DiethylamideLSDAcid, Blotter, Heaven, Cubes, Microdot, Yellow
PyoteButtons, Cactus, Mesc
Fentanyl (Actiq®, Duragesic®, Sublimaze®)FENApache, China Girl, China White, Dance Fever, Friend, Goodfella, Jackpot, Murder 8, Tango and Cash, TNT
Hydrocodone or dihydrocodeinone (Vicodin®, Lortab®, Lorcet®, and others)Vike, Watson-387
Opiates 2000 (Morphine)OPIM, Miss Emma, Monkey, White, Stuff
Oxycodone (OxyContin®, Percodan®, Percocet®, and others)OXYO.C., Oxycet, Oxycotton, Oxy, Hillbilly, Heroin, Percs
PhencyclidinePCPAngel, Dust, Boat, Hog, Love, Boat, Peace, Pill
Steroid—Nandrolone (Oxandrin®), oxandrolone (Anadrol®), oxymetholone (Winstrol®), stanozolol (Durabolin®), testosterone cypionate (Depo-testosterone®)Juice, Gym Candy, Pumpers, Roids
PropoxyphenePPX
Tricyclic AntidepressantsTCA
Ethyliden dimethyl diphenyl pyrrolidineEDDP
Amphetamine (Adderall®, Benzedrine®)AMPBennies, Black Beauties, Crosses, Hearts, LA Turnaround, Speed, Truck Drivers, Uppers
CodeineCODCaptain, Cody, Lean, Schoolboy, Sizzurp, Purple
Methylphenidate (Concerta®, Ritalin®)JIF, MPH, R-ball, Skippy, The Smart Drug, Vitamin R
CathinoneCATAbyssinian Tea, African Salad, Catha, Chat, Chat, Kat, Oat
Synthetic Cathinones (Bath Salts)Bloom, Cloud Nine, Cosmic Blast, Flakka, Ivory Wave, Lunar Wave, Scarface, Vanilla Sky, White Lightning
Category: General

The screen test is accurate and sensitive to the specified cut-off levels, but is qualitative and not as accurate as laboratory tests. If drugs are present in the system, you will usually see a presumptive positive result. When the result is preliminary positive, you should send the samples to the laboratory for a second, quantitative and more accurate test.

Category: General

When a screening test show a negative result, but lab (EIMS) test shows positive, the result is called a false negative.  While the illicit drug or drug metabolites are present in the donor’s system their concentration is less than the cutoff level results in a no-show on the test device. Lab (EIMS) tests are, however, much more sensitive and can detect lower drug concentrations. For example, if a patient is taking Oxycodone but the test shows negative—it is a false negative.

Category: General

No, several factors may cause a negative test result, even if the person is using drugs. The most common factor is the adulteration of the sample (e.g, addition of water to dilution the sample) in an effort to lower the drug concentration below the cut-off value.  If there is suspicion that person is taking drugs, you should test again, test for other types of drugs, and talk to your doctor for advice.

Category: General

A test result is considered negative when there is no illicit drug is present in the system or its concentration is below the cut-off level.

Category: General

If no lines show after 5 to 10 minutes the test is called invalid. A probable cause for an invalid test could be a defect in device—the strips may not be inserted all the way to the bottom of the panel. Or it could be caused by improper handling of the testing device and insufficient sample amount that could not saturate the stripes, resulting in no contact between the test strip and the specimen. If this happens, the lot number should be provided to the quality control department to review batch production records.

Category: General

Codeine—a commonly prescribed pain medication and the active ingredient in some prescription cough medicines—and Meperidine are structurally related to morphine so they can cause positive opiates test. In addition, poppy seed bagels or other food containing poppy seeds also cause false positive opiates test if cutoff level of the test is less than 2000 ng/ml.

Category: General

Drug of abuse detection is a two-step process. The first step involves the initial screening of an illicit drug, suggesting that an illicit drug may be present in the system. The second step is a confirmatory test— done in laboratory to quantitatively determine and confirm the presence of an illegal drug. Screening tests are not as accurate as laboratory tests and have a greater propensity to provide inaccurate results.  Some food items and medications may cause the screen test to inaccurately read positive, such as poppy seeds, diet pills, inhalers, and cough syrup. One should consult with their physician to better understand how a particular medication can interfere with the test results.

Category: General

No, a presumptive positive screen test does not mean the illegal drug has been identified in the donors system. Many home-run rests can result in false positives, therefore it is important to send samples to the laboratory for further evaluation.

Category: General

Since positives can occur when the donor is taking certain prescription medications or consuming particular food items it is advised to discuss with their doctor which items are responsible. After the food or drug is identified as the cause, stop consuming the item (in accordance to your doctors recommendations) and retake the drug test.

Category: General

A false positive occurs when a screening test shows a positive result, but the lab (EIMS) shows negative result. A false positive can occur when a drug or drug metabolite is not present or their concentration is less than the cutoff level.

Category: General

A mixture of synthetic chemicals are sprayed on dried plant material and packaged as fragrant, mood affecting incense.

Category: General

While synthetic marijuana is legal in many states, early this year it was officially banned in Ireland, Missouri and Kansas. K2/K3 spice can be purchased as various brands of smoke products in stores in the US, Japan, Europe and other countries. Federal authorities are enforcing new laws on shipments of cannabinoids and K2-based products.

Category: General
Tags: K2, K3, marijuana, spice

No, a standard drug test does not detect synthetic marijuana. The test has to be specific for K2/K3 spice.

Category: General
Tags: K2, K3, marijuana, spice

K2, K3, Spice, Genie, Smoke, Pot-Pourri, Buzz, Spice 99, Voodoo, Pulse, Hush, Mystery, Earthquake, and Black Mamba.

Category: General
Tags: K2, K3, marijuana, spice

Synthetic marijuana is a highly dangerous and powerful stimulant with serious side effects due to its unknown and unstable chemical composition. Short term effects may include extreme anxiety, paranoia, altered awareness, delusions, and hallucinations. Long term side effects include kidney diseases, heart damage and seizers. K2/K3 spice is extremely addicting and cause physical side effects such as headaches, sweating, tremors, nightmares, and suicidal thoughts.

Category: General
Tags: K2, spice

K2/K3 spice are psychoactive chemicals first synthesized by American chemist John W Huffman (JWH) which are sprayed onto dried plant material. They mimic the effects of THC and Marijuana, and are sold legally in the united states in packets of herbal incense and potpourri. K2/K3 spice has avoided regulations by labeling their packaging as “not safe for human consumption”. It has been classified as a schedule I drug under the Controlled Substances Act, which entails that it has a high potential for addition with no known medical use or benefits.

Category: General
Tags: K2, K3, marijuana, spice

Testing products should be stored between 2ºC to 30ºC (35ºF to 85ºF).

Category: General

We have 510K, CLIA waived and forensic use only (FUO) products; please check our product page for the FDA status of specific products.

Category: General

Some food items and over-the-counter medications may cross react with drug test.

Category: General

Results are ready to read within 5 minutes, for details please see product insert.

Category: General

No. Our drug testing products are based on chemiluminescent immunoassay and only provide accurate results on human urine samples. The test is considered invalid when run in water.

Category: General

No, same POC devices cannot be used on animals because drugs metabolize differently in animals (dogs) and concentration of drugs are different in animal urine. Therefore, a different test must be evaluated to detect DOA in animals.

Category: General

To abide by the governmental regulations stringent quality control checks and random sampling methods are utilized. Therefore, receiving a defective test is rare. If a particular device show an invalid result. Please consider the following

  • Human error— failure to follow product instructions, failure to use timer.
  • Inadequate sampling
  • Device contamination
  • Poor product storage conditions
Category: General

The expiration date is usually from up-to 2 years. For specific product please contact us at 408-392-0064.

Category: General

The cut-off level refers to a minimum specified concentration of a drug in a urine sample. Above that concentration—within statistical error—the test is called positive, below that concentration it is called negative.

Category: General

Drugs of abuse (DoA) are drugs that the user consumes in amounts or with methods which are harmful to themselves or others. It is a form of substance-related disorder.

Category: General

5. ORDERING & SHIPPING

Specific gravity is a ratio of the density of the urine sample to the density of water.

Categories: Dip Cards, General, u-Cup

Adulteration test is included in the multi-drug test cups or it can be performed separately. This test determines the authenticity of the sample by measuring sample specific gravity (1.003-1.025) and creatinine levels (20mg/dl).

Categories: Dip Cards, General, u-Cup

A dilute urine sample has a greater amount of water compared to a normal urine sample. Dilution generally caused by increased intake of water, medications taken by the donor or existing medical conditions.

Categories: Dip Cards, General, u-Cup
  1. Nitrite tests for commonly used commercial adulterants such as Klear or Whizzies. They work by oxidizing the major cannabinoid metabolite THC-COOH. Normal urine should contain no trace of nitrite. Positive results generally indicate the presence of an adulterant
  2. Creatinine is a waste product of creatine (an amino-acid contained in muscle tissue), is a normal constituent of human urine. In specimen validity testing, creatinine is used as a marker for dilution. Specimen dilution can be either in vivo (the donor drank excessive volumes of liquids) or in vitro (liquid was added to the urine after collection) and represent the most common form of specimen tampering. In vivo dilution using diuretics is often referred to as “flushing.” Creatinine and specific gravity are often interpreted simultaneously as indicators for dilution. Low creatinine and low specific gravity levels indicate dilute urine.
  3. Glutaraldehyde is a chemical compound that, when used as an adulterant, is believed to inactivate the enzyme used in the EMIT automated drug screening reagent. Although it is not believed to produce false negative results on a lateral flow test, commercial adulteration agents UrinAid and Clear Choice still contain glutaraldehyde. Glutaraldehyde is not normally in urine so detection of the compound is generally an indication of adulteration.
  4. pH tests for the presence of acidic or alkaline adulterants in urine. Normal urine pH levels should be in the range of 4.0 to 9.0. Values outside of this range may indicate the sample has been adulterated.
  5. Specific Gravity tests for the “viscosity” of the urine sample. The SG range for normal human urine is from 1.003 to 1.030. Values outside this range should be considered abnormal and may indicate specimen tampering.
  6. Oxidant/PCC tests for the presence of oxidizing reagents such as bleach, hydrogen peroxide, and pyridinium chlorochromate (PCC). Like nitrites, oxidants work to modify the structure of the target drugs in urine (like THCCOOH). Many commercial adulterants contain oxidants or PCC. Examples include UrineLuck (PCC) and Stealth (peroxidase). Normal urine should contain no trace of oxidants/PCC. Nitrites are a class of chemicals not usually found in normal human urine. Commercial adulterants Klear and Whizzies use nitrites as their primary active ingredient. Nitrites work by oxidizing the major cannabinoid metabolite (THCCOOH). The intent of oxidizing THC-COOH is to render it undetectable by the immunoassay or confirmation methods. Recent research suggests that performing the immunoassay drug screen shortly after the urine collection limits the effectiveness of the nitrite since the chemical needs time to modify the THC-COOH compound. By the time a positive sample arrives to the lab for confirmation, however, the THC-COOH has often been destroyed. Normal human urine should contain no trace of nitrites and, as such, presence of nitrites in urine generally indicates the use of an adulterant.

Adulterants are foreign substances either ingested or added directly to urine specimen to prevent the detection of drug in the sample. Commonly uses adulterants are promoted as “cleansing agents”, these substances can be found in house hold items or chemical additives obtained through the internet.

Examples of adulterants include:

  • Baking soda
  • Bleach
  • Detergent
  • Eye drops
  • Liquid chlorine bleach
  • Liquid drain cleaner
  • Glutaraldehyde
  • Iodine tincture
  • Pyridinium chlorochromate
  • Vinegar
  • Water

 

Some commercially available products that are ingested prior to providing the urine specimen that include:

  • Amber 13
  • Clean-X
  • Clear Choice
  • Instant Clean ADD-It-ive
  • Lucky Lab LL418
  • Klear
  • Krystal Kleen
  • Mary Jane Superclean 13
  • Purafyzit
  • Stealth
  • Test Clean
  • THC-Free
  • Urine Luck 6.3
  • UR’n Kleen
  • Whizzies

Table 2. Street and commercial names of commonly abused drugs.

NameAbbr.Street Name
Barbiturates pentobarbital (Nembutal®), phenobarbital (Luminal®)BARBarbs, Phennies, Red, Birds, Reds, Tooies, Yellow Jackets, Yellows
Benzodiazepines
alprazolam (Xanax®), chlorodiazepoxide (Limbitrol®), diazepam (Valium®), lorazepam (Ativan®), triazolam (Halicon®), BZOCandy, Downers, Sleeping Pills, Tranks
Flunitrazepam, Rohypnol®Circles, Date Rape Drug, Forget Pill, Forget-Me Pill, La Rocha, Lunch Money, Mexican Valium, Mind Eraser, Pingus, R2, Reynolds, Rib, Roach, Roach 2, Roaches, Roachies, Roapies, Rochas Dos, Roofies, Rope, Rophies, Row-Shay, Ruffies, Trip-and-Fall, Wolfies
BuprenorphineBUP
Sleep Medications: eszopiclone (Lunesta®), zaleplon (Sonata®), zolpidem (Ambien®)Forget-me Pill, Mexican Valium, R2, Roche, Roofies, Roofinol, Rope, Rophies
CocaineCOCBlow, Bump, C, Candy, Charlie, Coke, Crack, Rock, Flake, Rock, Snow, Toot
MarijuanaTHCBlunt, Bud, Dopa, Ganja, Grass, Green, Herb, Joint, Mary Jane, Pot, Reefer, Sinsemilla, Skunk, smoke, Trees, Weed, Hashish, Boom, Gangster, Hash, Hemp
Synthetic CannabinoidsK2K2, Spice, Black Mamba, Bliss, Bombay Blue, Fake Weed, Fire, Genie, Moon Rocks, Skunk, Smacked, Yucatan, Zohai
Methadone (Dolophine®, Methadose®)MTDAmidone, Fizzies
Methamphetamine (Desoxyn®)mAMPCrank, Chalk, Crystal, Fire, Glass, Go Fast, Ice, Meth, Speed
EcstasyMDMAAdam, Clarity, Eve, Lover’s, Speed, Peace, Uppers
Morphine (Duramorph®, Roxanol®)MOP
Ketamine (Ketalar®)KETCat, Valium, K, Special K, Vitamin K
Lysergic acid DiethylamideLSDAcid, Blotter, Heaven, Cubes, Microdot, Yellow
PyoteButtons, Cactus, Mesc
Fentanyl (Actiq®, Duragesic®, Sublimaze®)FENApache, China Girl, China White, Dance Fever, Friend, Goodfella, Jackpot, Murder 8, Tango and Cash, TNT
Hydrocodone or dihydrocodeinone (Vicodin®, Lortab®, Lorcet®, and others)Vike, Watson-387
Opiates 2000 (Morphine)OPIM, Miss Emma, Monkey, White, Stuff
Oxycodone (OxyContin®, Percodan®, Percocet®, and others)OXYO.C., Oxycet, Oxycotton, Oxy, Hillbilly, Heroin, Percs
PhencyclidinePCPAngel, Dust, Boat, Hog, Love, Boat, Peace, Pill
Steroid—Nandrolone (Oxandrin®), oxandrolone (Anadrol®), oxymetholone (Winstrol®), stanozolol (Durabolin®), testosterone cypionate (Depo-testosterone®)Juice, Gym Candy, Pumpers, Roids
PropoxyphenePPX
Tricyclic AntidepressantsTCA
Ethyliden dimethyl diphenyl pyrrolidineEDDP
Amphetamine (Adderall®, Benzedrine®)AMPBennies, Black Beauties, Crosses, Hearts, LA Turnaround, Speed, Truck Drivers, Uppers
CodeineCODCaptain, Cody, Lean, Schoolboy, Sizzurp, Purple
Methylphenidate (Concerta®, Ritalin®)JIF, MPH, R-ball, Skippy, The Smart Drug, Vitamin R
CathinoneCATAbyssinian Tea, African Salad, Catha, Chat, Chat, Kat, Oat
Synthetic Cathinones (Bath Salts)Bloom, Cloud Nine, Cosmic Blast, Flakka, Ivory Wave, Lunar Wave, Scarface, Vanilla Sky, White Lightning
Category: General

The screen test is accurate and sensitive to the specified cut-off levels, but is qualitative and not as accurate as laboratory tests. If drugs are present in the system, you will usually see a presumptive positive result. When the result is preliminary positive, you should send the samples to the laboratory for a second, quantitative and more accurate test.

Category: General

When a screening test show a negative result, but lab (EIMS) test shows positive, the result is called a false negative.  While the illicit drug or drug metabolites are present in the donor’s system their concentration is less than the cutoff level results in a no-show on the test device. Lab (EIMS) tests are, however, much more sensitive and can detect lower drug concentrations. For example, if a patient is taking Oxycodone but the test shows negative—it is a false negative.

Category: General

No, several factors may cause a negative test result, even if the person is using drugs. The most common factor is the adulteration of the sample (e.g, addition of water to dilution the sample) in an effort to lower the drug concentration below the cut-off value.  If there is suspicion that person is taking drugs, you should test again, test for other types of drugs, and talk to your doctor for advice.

Category: General

A test result is considered negative when there is no illicit drug is present in the system or its concentration is below the cut-off level.

Category: General

If no lines show after 5 to 10 minutes the test is called invalid. A probable cause for an invalid test could be a defect in device—the strips may not be inserted all the way to the bottom of the panel. Or it could be caused by improper handling of the testing device and insufficient sample amount that could not saturate the stripes, resulting in no contact between the test strip and the specimen. If this happens, the lot number should be provided to the quality control department to review batch production records.

Category: General

Codeine—a commonly prescribed pain medication and the active ingredient in some prescription cough medicines—and Meperidine are structurally related to morphine so they can cause positive opiates test. In addition, poppy seed bagels or other food containing poppy seeds also cause false positive opiates test if cutoff level of the test is less than 2000 ng/ml.

Category: General

Drug of abuse detection is a two-step process. The first step involves the initial screening of an illicit drug, suggesting that an illicit drug may be present in the system. The second step is a confirmatory test— done in laboratory to quantitatively determine and confirm the presence of an illegal drug. Screening tests are not as accurate as laboratory tests and have a greater propensity to provide inaccurate results.  Some food items and medications may cause the screen test to inaccurately read positive, such as poppy seeds, diet pills, inhalers, and cough syrup. One should consult with their physician to better understand how a particular medication can interfere with the test results.

Category: General

No, a presumptive positive screen test does not mean the illegal drug has been identified in the donors system. Many home-run rests can result in false positives, therefore it is important to send samples to the laboratory for further evaluation.

Category: General

Since positives can occur when the donor is taking certain prescription medications or consuming particular food items it is advised to discuss with their doctor which items are responsible. After the food or drug is identified as the cause, stop consuming the item (in accordance to your doctors recommendations) and retake the drug test.

Category: General

A false positive occurs when a screening test shows a positive result, but the lab (EIMS) shows negative result. A false positive can occur when a drug or drug metabolite is not present or their concentration is less than the cutoff level.

Category: General

A mixture of synthetic chemicals are sprayed on dried plant material and packaged as fragrant, mood affecting incense.

Category: General

While synthetic marijuana is legal in many states, early this year it was officially banned in Ireland, Missouri and Kansas. K2/K3 spice can be purchased as various brands of smoke products in stores in the US, Japan, Europe and other countries. Federal authorities are enforcing new laws on shipments of cannabinoids and K2-based products.

Category: General
Tags: K2, K3, marijuana, spice

No, a standard drug test does not detect synthetic marijuana. The test has to be specific for K2/K3 spice.

Category: General
Tags: K2, K3, marijuana, spice

K2, K3, Spice, Genie, Smoke, Pot-Pourri, Buzz, Spice 99, Voodoo, Pulse, Hush, Mystery, Earthquake, and Black Mamba.

Category: General
Tags: K2, K3, marijuana, spice

Synthetic marijuana is a highly dangerous and powerful stimulant with serious side effects due to its unknown and unstable chemical composition. Short term effects may include extreme anxiety, paranoia, altered awareness, delusions, and hallucinations. Long term side effects include kidney diseases, heart damage and seizers. K2/K3 spice is extremely addicting and cause physical side effects such as headaches, sweating, tremors, nightmares, and suicidal thoughts.

Category: General
Tags: K2, spice

K2/K3 spice are psychoactive chemicals first synthesized by American chemist John W Huffman (JWH) which are sprayed onto dried plant material. They mimic the effects of THC and Marijuana, and are sold legally in the united states in packets of herbal incense and potpourri. K2/K3 spice has avoided regulations by labeling their packaging as “not safe for human consumption”. It has been classified as a schedule I drug under the Controlled Substances Act, which entails that it has a high potential for addition with no known medical use or benefits.

Category: General
Tags: K2, K3, marijuana, spice

Testing products should be stored between 2ºC to 30ºC (35ºF to 85ºF).

Category: General

We have 510K, CLIA waived and forensic use only (FUO) products; please check our product page for the FDA status of specific products.

Category: General

Some food items and over-the-counter medications may cross react with drug test.

Category: General

Results are ready to read within 5 minutes, for details please see product insert.

Category: General

No. Our drug testing products are based on chemiluminescent immunoassay and only provide accurate results on human urine samples. The test is considered invalid when run in water.

Category: General

No, same POC devices cannot be used on animals because drugs metabolize differently in animals (dogs) and concentration of drugs are different in animal urine. Therefore, a different test must be evaluated to detect DOA in animals.

Category: General

To abide by the governmental regulations stringent quality control checks and random sampling methods are utilized. Therefore, receiving a defective test is rare. If a particular device show an invalid result. Please consider the following

  • Human error— failure to follow product instructions, failure to use timer.
  • Inadequate sampling
  • Device contamination
  • Poor product storage conditions
Category: General

The expiration date is usually from up-to 2 years. For specific product please contact us at 408-392-0064.

Category: General

The cut-off level refers to a minimum specified concentration of a drug in a urine sample. Above that concentration—within statistical error—the test is called positive, below that concentration it is called negative.

Category: General

Drugs of abuse (DoA) are drugs that the user consumes in amounts or with methods which are harmful to themselves or others. It is a form of substance-related disorder.

Category: General